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Terminology… I

ILS System

An integrated library system, or ILS, is an enterprise resource planning system for a library, used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed. An ILS is usually comprised of a relational database, software to act on that database, and two graphical user interfaces (one for patrons, one for staff). Most ILSes separate software functions into discrete programs called modules, which are then integrated into a unified interface. Examples of modules include: acquisitions (ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials), cataloging (classifying and indexing materials), circulation (lending materials to patrons and receiving them back), serials (tracking magazine and newspaper holdings), and the OPAC (public interface for users). Each patron and item has a unique ID in the database that allows the ILS to track its activity. (wp)

ILS System Migration

Typically three to five years after a library has had an Integrated Library System they will consider or need to migrate off of the system to a new. The factors determining a migration and an ILS migration are system performance, software functionality, money and vendor service. (ac)

ILS Vendors

Note: This list was created in March 2009. If there are any ILS vendors left off please notify Backstage Library Works.

1. Auto-Graphics, Inc. - http://www4.auto-graphics.com/

  • Agent Verso

2. Civica/http://www.civicaplc.com/AUS/Sectors/Library/ Joe Keller kellerJE@civicacmi.com Australia, New Zealand $ South East Asia

  • Spydus

3. Companion Corporation http://www.companioncorp.com/ / Alexandria Library Automation Software http://www.goalexandria.com/

  • Alexandria

4. EOS International http://www.eosintl.com/

  • EOS.Web

5. Equinox Software Inc. http://www.esilibrary.com/esi/ (open source support group)

  • Evegreen

6. Ex Libris http://www.exlibris.co.il/

  • Alma
  • Voyager
  • Aleph 500

7. Follett Library Resources http://www.follett.com/

  • Destiny (Flagship)

8. Info Library and Information Solutions http://vubis-smart.com/html/homeeng.htm

  • Vubis Smart – Client/Server ILS (Flagship)
  • V-smart – Web Based ILS

9. Innovative Interfaces, Inc. http://www.iii.com/

  • Millennium
  • Sierra
  • Polaris
  • Virtua

10. Jaywil software Development Inc. http://www.resourcemate.com/privacy.html

  • ResourceMate 3.0

11. Liblime (open source solutions) http://liblime.com/koha

  • Koha

12. MINISIS Inc. http://www.minisisinc.com/

  • M2L – Management for Libraries

13. OPALS (open Source) http://opals-na.org/

14. Sirsi http://www.sirsidynix.com/

  • Horizon (legacy)
  • Unicorn (Symphony) (Flagship)
  • Dynix (Legacy)

15. Lucidea http://www.lucidea.com/

  • Sydney
  • Inmagic
  • STAR Knowledge Center for Libraries

16. TLC, The Library Corporation http://www.tlcdelivers.com/library-automation/

  • Library.solution (Flagship)
  • CARL, CARLX (legacy)



The first two character positions in the variable data fields that contain values which interpret or supplement the data found in the field. Indicator values are interpreted independently, that is, meaning is not ascribed to the two indicators taken together. Indicator values may be a lowercase alphabetic or a numeric character. A blank (ASCII SPACE), represented in this document as a #, is used in an undefined indicator position. In a defined indicator position, a blank may be assigned a meaning, or may mean no information provided. (m21)

Indirect Geographic Subdivisions

An indirect geographic subdivision is ordered from largest body to smallest body. An example would be $zKansas$zJefferson County. (mpg)

Initial Article

An article is a word that combines with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. The three main articles in the English language are the, an and a. An initial article occurs at the beginning of the title of many books. In the MARC record it is typically not indexed as part of the title of the book. The filing indicator found in the MARC record determines the first letter of the title to be indexed. (wp, ac)

Institution Code

see OCLC Institution Code

Interesting Authorities

The MARS 2.0 automated authority control process allows the user to restrict the number of updated records delivered by choose to receive only authority records that are interesting. MARS 2.0 defines an authority record as interesting if it contains one or more of the following fields: (mpg)

  • 260—Complex See Reference (Subject)
  • 360—Complex See Also Reference (Subject)
  • 4XX—See From Cross Reference
  • 5XX—See From Also Cross Reference
  • 64X—Series Treatment Note
  • 66X—Reference Note
  • 678—Biographical or Historical Data
  • 680-682, 688—Public General or Tracing Note, Deleted Heading Information, or History Note


International Standard Book Number, tag 020. The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique, numerical commercial book identifier, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code created in the UK. The 10-digit International Standard Book Number (ISBN) format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and published as an international standard in 1970. Since 1 January 2007, International Standard Book Numbers have been 13 digits. (wp)


International Standard Series Number, tag 022, is a unique eight-digit number used to identify a print or electronic periodical publication. The ISSN system was adopted as international standard ISO 3297 in 1975. The format of the ISSN is an eight digit number, divided by a hyphen into two four-digit numbers. The last digit, which may be 0–9 or an X, is a check digit. (wp)